Giftedness is not a psychological diagnosis. The gifted test is specifically designed to determine whether or not a student may be eligible for identification as a gifted student and placement in a gifted education program. The gifted assessment usually takes about three hours to complete and involves a test of cognitive ability – such as the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) – or another similar test that is deemed appropriate. The gifted test also involves a screening of basic academic skills, including word reading, numerical operations and spelling. A written gifted assessment report is provided during the feedback session. Early testing and identification of giftedness can also be very useful for children who may exhibit behavioural or social difficulties, such as inattention and poor motivation at school, as a result of their exceptionality.